Hot Flow is our term for filament-based materials which are deposited at over 150°C, depending on the head.
Note that at present, our Hot Flow heads work with 1.75mm filament (actually, 1.6mm to 1.9mm), but not 3mm filament.
Materials for Hot Flow
The following materials can be printed from Hot Flow heads.
- ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene)
- Flame Retardant ABS
- ABS - PC Alloy
- Conductive ABS
- Smart ABS
- Flex 45
- HIPS (High-Impact PolyStyrene)
- Taulman 618, 645, 910
- PC (PolyCarbnoate)
- PEI (PolyEtherImide) - AKA Ultem
- PEEK (PolyEther Ether Ketone)
- PET (PolyEthylene Terephthalate)
- PETG PolyEthylene Terephthalate Glycol-modified)
- PLA (PolyLactic Acid)
- EcoFlex PLA
- Conductive PLA
- SS PLA (Stainless Steel infused)
- PP (PolyPropylene)
- PVA (PolyVinyl Alcohol)
Heads for Hot Flow
Hot Flow is available through the following heads:
The following table compares the properties of the various Hot Flow heads, including which heads are recommended for which materials. The MK1 heads drive matieral from one side, with a spring-loaded bearing system to maintain pressure and positioning. The MK2 heads drive the material from both sides, and are designed for more flexible filaments.
|Head||Min Temp||Max Temp||Filament Type||Nozzle||Recommended For|
|MK1-250||150°C||250°C||Standard||.35mm, .50mm, .75mm, 1.0mm||ABS, HIPS, LayBrick, LayWood, Nylon, PC, PET, PETG, PETT, PLA, PP, PVA, T-Glase|
|MK2-250||150°C||250°C||Flexible||.35mm, .50mm, .75mm, 1.0mm||BendLay, EcoFlex PLA, FilaFlex, Flex45, Ninjaflex, PlastInk Rubber|
|MK1-450||250°C||450°C||Engineering||.50mm||PEEK, PEI (Ultem)|
Research Papers Citing Hyrel Hot Flow
- Button-Shaped RFID Tag Combining Three-Dimensional and Inkjet Printing Technologies, The IET Digital Library.
- Demonstration and Characterization of Fully 3D-printed RF Structures, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated (IEEE)
- Infill Dependent 3D-Printed Material Based on NinjaFlex Filament for Antenna Applications, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated (IEEE)
- A Novel Strain Sensor Based on 3D Printing Technology and 3D Antenna Design, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated (IEEE)
- A Novel 3-D Printed Loop Antenna Using Flexible NinjaFlex Material for Wearable and IoT Applications, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated (IEEE)
- RF Characterization of 3D Printed Flexible Materials - NinjaFlex Filaments, The European Microwave Association (EuMA)
- Nano-Material Based Flexible Radio Frequency Sensors for Wearable Health and Environment Monitoring: Designs and Prototypes Utilizing 3D/Inkjet Printing Technologies, A Dissertation Presented to The Academic Faculty of The School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Georgia Tech
Settings for Hot Flow Heads
Some settings for the MK-Type heads (like temperature, prime/unprime values) will vary, depending on what material you are printing with. Nozzle diameter should accurately reflect what nozzle you have loaded (0.5mm is default) AND what path width you sliced for (recipe path or extrusion width should be nozzle diameter plus 10%). Having said that, here are our default shipping settings:
|Settings||MK1-250, MK2-250|| MK1-450
(formerly -350 or -400)
|Feed Rate %||1.000||1.000||1.000||1.000|
| Prime |
Please note that Prime values will vary greatly from those shown, depending on the flexibility of your material.
|Dwell Time (ms)||50||50||50||50|
|Before Tool Change||2||2||2||2|
| Unprime |
Please note that Unprime values will vary greatly from those shown, depending on the flexibility of your material.
|Dwell Time (ms)||50||50||50||50|
|After Tool Change||2||2||2||2|
|RTD Type||1 Meg||1 Meg||1 Meg||1 Meg|